Why the U.S. Virgin Islands will never be a “State.” – Alton Drew, Consiglieri

For the past two decades or so, the Virgin Islands of the United States (USVI) has been discussing its status in relation to the United States and the rest of the world.  The USVI has tussled between independence, U.S. statehood, and continuing as an unincorporated territory.  Based on comments from Virgin Islanders regarding the recent runoff elections in Georgia, I am off the opinion that the USVI has no intention of creating its own “state of being” and prefers to remain an unincorporated territory.

Every Virgin Islander to a fault was emotionally invested in seeing the incumbent Georgia senator, Raphael Warnock, be returned to the U.S. Senate this coming January.  Mr Warnock was able to squeak out a 2.76 percentage point victory over Herschel Walker, the former University of Georgia running back and Heisman Trophy winner.  Virgin Islanders have been expressing elation for the past 24 hours and during that time I have been asking myself, “Why?”

Mr Warnock, to my knowledge, has not introduced or co-sponsored any legislation that supports the USVI.  Other than being invited to be the commencement speaker at the 2021 University of the Virgin Islands’ graduation ceremony, I have seen no political connection to the territory.

Virgin Islanders’ excitement over Mr Warnock appears to boil down to two things: race and pro-Democratic Party sentiment.

Although Mr Warnock’s opponent was black, the enchantment with Mr Warnock stems back to his special election win that seated him in the US Senate in 2021.  USVI governor Albert Bryan congratulated Mr Warnock for that win citing that Mr Warnock was not only the first black to represent Georgia in the U.S. Senate, but was the first black Democrat from a southern state to be elected to the U.S. Senate.  

Governor Bryan did not pass up the opportunity to make the race connection, saying that his pride in Mr Warnock’s win was based on being, at the time, the “only Black governor in the United States.”  So important to the governor was the need to make the racial link that he was willing to overlook the fact that the USVI is not in the United States, but an unincorporated territory of the United States.

The aesthetics of race is used to connect blacks when it is convenient.  Culture, history, lineage, and geography separate black Americans from black Virgin Islanders.  That natural divide is quickly overlooked, however, where political points can be scored.

And speaking of politics, there is the irrational allegiance to political parties.  The USVI has a population of roughly 106,000 people.  In my opinion, that population cannot support or afford partisan politics.  During local elections in Atlanta, a city of almost 500,000, candidates do not run as Democrats or Republicans.  Why a smaller jurisdiction such as the USVI would resort to three political parties is beyond me.  Partisan politics only seeds more division in a resource-strapped jurisdiction where what is needed is more cooperation.

I can only argue that the USVI wants to take the opportunity to look more like the United States.

But wanting to look like the United States while espousing political allegiances with blacks with whom the territory’s blacks have no cultural, lineal, or historical ties results in a jurisdiction that has no identity of its own.  You need a self-identity in order to create a “state.”  The State is the source of a people’s philosophy and narrative.  The rules for how the people are governed spring out of the philosophy and narrative.  Without self-identity, the USVI settles for trying to be a carbon copy of the United States.

This lack of USVI self-identity works for the United States. The United States wishes to expand hegemony through its own Caribbean backyard.  The phrase on the license plate, “America’s Caribbean,” sums up the status of the USVI and signals that any self-identity that may lead to an independent State has to be regulated.  Fortunately for the United States, the inhabitants of the USVI are effectively regulating away any sense of self-identity.

No. The Virgin Islands of the Unted States will never be a “State.”

Alton Drew

8 December 2022

 For more of my writings, visit my author’s page at amazon.com/author/altondrew and purchase my latest book, “Take It from a Black Man. WASPs Need to Take Back Their Country. Essays on Capital, Democracy, and Political Narrative.”    

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Rahim Baba Salifa: The Boy Caught Between Ghana-Guinea Tensions

[Dedication: This piece is dedicated to a dear friend and law school mate, Richard Badombie Esq whose tragic passing at the hands of some armed persons has left us in shock. He would be sorely missed for his public spiritedness and warm personality]

The early days of law school was difficult. It required getting used to the case law method of teaching and learning. And adapting to the workload. There were too many cases to cram and little time to reflect.

As quickly as cases were read, they were forgotten. But despite all this, a few cases make an impression on you. And this remains with you for a long time. The Republic v Director of Prisons, Ex parte Salifa[1] was one of those cases for me.

Put the legal complexities, and jargons away and this case is simply about a child in the grip of the State and a father yelling and doing all he could to have his son back. Nothing is said of what the child is suspected of. But it was widely believed the boy was being held on the charge of subversion.

To better appreciate this story, let’s start with the overthrow of Ghana’s first President, Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. This was in 1966. A group of senior military and police officers led by Lieutenant General (retired) J.A. Ankrah led a coup to overthrow Ghana’s first president. Kwame Nkrumah, by then had left Ghana and was on his way to Hanoi, at the invitation of the Vietnamese Leader, Ho Chi Minh. After a number of stop overs, Nkrumah finally settled in Hanoi. It would not take long for news of his overthrow to reach him on 24 February 1966. It was not something Nkrumah saw coming. On 25 February 1966, Nkrumah through his Foreign Minister, Mr Alex Quaison Sackey, declared that he was still the Head of State of Ghana and that he would return soon.

Nkrumah must have known that returning to Ghana was not an option. He flew to Moscow and then from Moscow to Conakry, Guinea. This was on 2nd March 1966. There, he was made a co-President. The choice of Guinea was not strange. Nkrumah had been generous to Guinea. In 1958, Nkrumah lent 5,000,000 pounds to Guinea, and Guinea’s reciprocity was understandably natural.


And it was on this day, 2nd March 1966, that Nkrumah would make a speech that would not only put a strain on the diplomatic relationship between Ghana and Guinea. It would, probably, change the life of a boy – forever.

When Nkrumah arrived in Guinea, he declared:

“I have come here purposely to use Guinea as a platform to tell the world that very soon I shall be in Accra, in Ghana. I am not going to say anything against anyone, because I understand perfectly the factors at work in the world today… All we have to do is to stand firm and see how we can counteract these factors.[2]

Nkrumah’s presence in Guinea and the support he drew from the Guinean State came at a cost. The government of the National Liberation Council closed the Ghanaian embassy in Conakry. Ghana’s diplomatic mission was recalled.

But none of these moves seemed to have bothered either Nkrumah or Sekou Touré. Whiles in Guinea, Nkrumah continued to reach out to Ghanaians through radio broadcast. He would talk about returning soon to Ghana and putting to death all military leaders. “I know that when the time comes, you will crush the new regime. I know the Ghanaian people will remain faithful to me as well as to my party and my government.[3]

Sekou Toure piled up the pressure. “20,000 Guinean ex-servicemen who had been in the French Army, as well as 50,000 soldiers recruited from women members and youths of the Guinean Democratic Party” would be going to Ghana “in military convoys to help the Ghanaian people free itself from the dictatorship of the military traitors[4]”, he declared.

The NLC was on the edge. It did not take Nkrumah’s words lightly and believed in the possibility of a countercoup d’état. For instance, a soviet trawler was arrested off the Takoradi harbour as there were fears that the Soviet Union/Russians were working towards the removal of the NLC.

The above background paints a fair picture of the state of relations between Ghana and Guinea, and the political climate in Ghana. It is, therefore, not hard to see how anyone from Guinea may end up being viewed with suspicion.

The protagonist in this story was a young man by the name of Salifa or Salifu. The law reports named him as Mohammed Abdul Rahim Baba Salifa. The newspapers of the day named him as Abdul Rahim Baba Salifu. For this piece, let’s call him Salifa.

Salifa was a fifteen-year-old schoolboy sent to Guinea by his father in 1965 to study. Two years later, he ran away from his guardian. He run away because he was being maltreated by his guardian. This was not out of the blue. He had previously complained and written about the maltreatment he suffered at the hands of his Guinean guardian – Dr Oury. His father had letters to show. There was, therefore, an established pattern of abuse and mistreatment. So, he chose to flee.

He did not come to Ghana directly. His first stop was Sierra Leone where he asked the Ghanaian High Commissioner to help him return to his parents in Ghana. He got the help he asked for. But not in the way he expected. He arrived in Ghana in June 1967. But once he touched down, he was arrested by the police and detained at the Ussher Fort Prison. He was not charged with any criminal offence. He was just imprisoned. He was home but could not get home. The law report did not give any reason for his arrest. Neither did the newspapers. It was widely rumoured and believed that he was being held simply because he had arrived from Guinea. Others rumoured that he might have been an agent of the Nkrumah sent to deliver some messages to Nkrumah loyalists in Ghana.

With his son at the Ussher Fort prison, his father attempted to do the very natural thing: get his son out of jail. A year after Salifa’s detention (i.e., in June 1968), his father engaged a lawyer to compel the prison authorities to produce his son. A date was scheduled for the hearing. The Director of Prisons showed up. He had a decree signed by the Chairman of the National Liberation Council supposedly authorizing the arrest and detention of Salifa.

Salifa’s lawyer challenged the validity of the decree issued by General Ankrah on the grounds that the decree was undated and not gazetted. Salifa’s lawyer, John Lynes an Australian who had come to settle in Ghana and would eventually be deported, argued that the decree did not mention Salifa’s name and therefore it could not have applied to him. The learned High Court judge, Anterkyi J agreed with Salifa’s lawyer and concluded that the decree authorizing the arrest and detention of Salifa was faulty and not compliant with the National Liberation Council’s own proclamation. On that basis, Salifa was released.

But not for long.

He was immediately re-arrested and brought before a different court. The first case was handled by Mr. K. Gyeke-Darko, a Principal State Attorney, who was famous for prosecuting several coup plot trials. In the re-arrest proceedings, the Attorney-General, Victor Owusu, and the Director for Public Prosecutions were in court. The presence of the Attorney-General and the Director for Public Prosecutions sums up the importance the NLC placed on this case.

Mr. Victor Owusu, as quoted in the 11th July 1968 Daily Graphic, argued that the NLC government had unlimited powers and was “more powerful than the colonial government and even the Government of independent Ghana and its Parliament”. Long story short, the NLC could not whatever it wanted to do, including arresting a seventeen-year-old boy without charge and lawful basis. The second court, presided over by Justice V.C.R.A.C Crabbe upheld the validity of the same detention order, and Salifa was behind bars again. And this is where the story ends.


We only get an insight into Salifa’s thinking in a letter he wrote to his father. In his own words he writes:

“Please, father, I will like you to know that when I was coming I reported myself to the Ghana High Commissioner in Sierra Leone that I am a seventeen-year old student who has been to Guinea in 1965 October (i.e. during the old government) and wanted to come back to Ghana and stay with my parents, where I will be able to continue my studies. Well, this man (the High Commissioner) gave me a ticket, prepared my travelling certificate and helped me to embark into the plane for Ghana – with all my loyalty I am arrested.

Everything is clear, I think, that if I were coming to do something against the government I would not have passed through the Ghana High Commissioner in Sierra Leone, but, as I said, I am destined to be arrested. So, leave everything to God, father.

Please, whenever you receive a letter from Oury saying that I have run away, take that letter to the Special Branch (C.I.D.) with my letters which tell you that I am in prison in Ghana, so you have come to beg them torelease me because I am innocent and I am a student, I am not interested in politics.”

Captured in the above letter is a complex and conflicting set of emotions. Salifa asserts his innocence, comes to terms with his circumstances, attempts to console the father, and somewhere in there wishes that his guardian in Guinea Dr. Oury will write to the Ghanaian authorities to corroborate his story and hopefully get him released.

Not much is known of the fate of Salifa. Did he die? Did he survive the turbulent periods in incarceration? How long was he there? Was he eventually released? Did he finally get to know the charges levelled against him? What kind of life did he live afterwards? It is hard to tell. It has been past half of a century since the events described in this piece took place. And sadly, Salifa’s story is still waiting to be told – in full.

***: I wish to thank Mr. Fui Tsikata of Reindorf Chambers for his thoughts and insight on the subject. Also, my gratitude goes to Oliver Barker Vormawor and Ama Asare Korang for reviewing earlier drafts of this piece.

[1] [1968] GLR 630

[2]Keesing’s contemporary archives, March 12-19, pg. (21275) http://web.stanford.edu/group/tomzgroup/pmwiki/uploads/1408-1966-Keesings-a-EYJ.pdf

[3] Ibid

[4] Ibid

Samuel Alesu-Dordzi is an Editor of the Ghana Law Hub.

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Immigration Compliance Changes – Are you Ready?

Special thanks to Sarah Adler, Immigration Legal Counsel, and Simran Nandha for their assistance with this blog.

Further to the increased compliance requirements from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) on all employers which commenced on September 30, 2022 (Government of Canada strengthens protections for temporary foreign workers as new regulations come into force – Canada.ca), IRCC has now incorporated these requirements in its regular audits on employers engaging in the Temporary Foreign Work Permits program in Canada.  In particular, the audits are focused on employees’ rights and program compliance.

Specifically, these changes to regular audits are requesting certain documentation that has not previously been asked of employers, including:

  • Proof that the employee received a copy of the pamphlet entitled International Mobility Program: Get to Know Your Rights While working in Canada. See the following link:  International Mobility Program – Get to know your rights while working in Canada – Canada.ca
    • A copy of the pamphlet must be provided to the employee in their official language of choice on or before the first day or work, and proof of provision of the pamphlet must be provided upon request.
    • The pamphlet must also be readily available within the workplace in both official languages.
  • Proof that the company is compliant with recruitment law in the applicable Province (if applicable);
  • Copy of the employment agreement signed by the employer and the foreign worker prior to the submission of the foreign worker’s work permit application (which is indicated in the attestation section of the Offer of Employment filing);
    • Note that IRCC is currently recognizing that Employment Agreements between the foreign worker and the Canadian company are not always applicable, for example in the case of intermittent travellers, and are currently reviewing their position on this. In the meantime, we recommend that applicants at least have an assignment letter from the company confirming the terms and conditions of their employment in their home office remains applicable.
  • Copies of policies and procedures that address situations of abuse in the work force, and a description of the mechanism to resolve situations of abuse;
  • Proof of training within the last two years provided to employees and supervisors to recognize and address abuse.

In particular these compliance requirements are being implemented to better protect temporary foreign workers from potential reprisal by employers for bringing forward reasonable complaints and prohibiting employers from charging recruitment fees to workers.  Also, there is an increased focus on providing temporary foreign workers with reasonable access to health care services.

Should you have any questions regarding the above, please feel free to reach out to the Employment or Immigration teams here at Baker McKenzie.

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Former top State official to plead guilty for helping Qatar

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — A former top rated-ranking State Office official is established to plead responsible for improperly serving to a rich Gulf state test to affect U.S. policy and not disclosing on a governing administration ethics form items he acquired from a disgraced political fundraiser.

Courtroom records filed before this month say that Richard G. Olson, who was the Point out Department’s special agent for Afghanistan and Pakistan at the end of the Obama administration, offered “aid and advice” to Qatar on lobbying routines in violation of a “revolving door” prohibition against such actions for one particular yr right after leaving community provider.

Olson, who also served as U.S. ambassador to Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates, indicated in a signed filing previously this thirty day period he intends to plead guilty. It’s unclear if he’s cooperating in other investigations.

The case represents just one of the more high-profile initiatives by the Justice Office in modern decades to crack down on unreported or illegal impact campaigns funded by overseas governments aimed at altering U.S. plan.

Federal prosecutors also mentioned that while at the Condition Division, Olson unsuccessful to disclose particular fiscal advantages he obtained from a California businessman named Imaad Zuberi. After a big political donor, Zuberi is now serving a 12 year prison sentence for funneling unlawful marketing campaign contributions to politicos in each major get-togethers and then peddling the resulting affect to overseas governments. The new court data do not use Zuberi’s name, but The Affiliated Push was ready to establish him based on courtroom filings in other instances, letters a Zuberi representative has despatched to Congress, and interviews with Zuberi associates.

Neither the Justice Division or Olson’s attorney straight away returned requests for comment.

Shortly right after Olson remaining the State Section, many Gulf countries, including Saudi Arabia and the UAE, released a blockade from Qatar that sparked a large paying out spree in Washington on lobbying and other endeavours to impact U.S. policy.

Olson, Zuberi and retired Marine 4-star Gen. John Allen traveled to Doha early in the diplomatic disaster to fulfill with best Qatari officers and go over approaches of resolving the concern, in accordance to court information and a assertion Allen’s spokesman offered to the AP previous yr.

Federal prosecutors compose in Olson’s recently filed court docket information that soon soon after the June 2017 trip, Olson, Zuberi, a Qatari official and Allen, who is only discovered as “Person 3,” satisfied with a number of Congressmen “for the function of convincing the U.S. lawmakers to assistance Qatar relatively than its regional rivals in the Gulf Diplomatic Crisis.”

Email messages that Zuberi’s consultant submitted in a letter to Congress also present that Zuberi pushed for Olson and Allen to accompany Qatari officials to a White Dwelling conference with then-National Security Advisor H.R. McMaster.

“We must shift this conversation to WhatsApp,” Allen replied. “I’ll enable Rick converse for himself with regards to his lawful restrictions in dealing with the (U.S. Authorities).”

Allen, who is now president of the influential Brookings Institute feel tank, explained to the AP past calendar year that White Home officials have been mindful of and supported his efforts to revolve the crisis as a private citizen.

“General Allen has never acted as an agent of the Qatari federal government,” his spokesman, Beau Phillips, claimed in a assertion final yr.

The recently submitted court files also display that Olson labored with Zuberi to gain U.S. government approval for a preclearance facility at the Doha airport, which would permit U.S.-certain passengers to very clear customs in advance of they remaining Qatar.

Such approval would increase the range of U.S. metropolitan areas the Doha airport could provide and give it an advantage about competitors in the Gulf, prosecutors stated. As ambassador, Olson experienced labored to build a preclearance facility at the Abu Dhabi Worldwide Airport in the UAE.

Zuberi turned infamous for courting lawmakers and diplomats like Olson. In 2015, prosecutors claimed, Zuberi paid for Olson’s trip from New Mexico to London, in which the then-ambassador satisfied with Esam Janahi, a Bahraini businessman who made available Olson a a single-yr deal really worth $300,000 a calendar year. Janahi was not named in Olson’s court documents, but the AP recognized him by way of individual court docket filings and other records.

Zuberi specific that facet of his romantic relationship with Olson past calendar year in letters to users of Congress, in which a previous federal legislation enforcement officer employed by Zuberi cited a host of irregularities in the fundraiser’s prosecution and described his prolonged jail sentence as a “miscarriage of justice.”


Mustian documented from New York.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This content might not be printed, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without the need of permission.

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New Book Spoils the Plot of Dwayne Johnson’s DC Super-Pets Movie

The DC universe is growing in lots of means as of late. The major-screen DCEU is continuing to increase, director Matt Reeves just debuted a new Gotham with The Batman, The CW is still growing its slate of controversial collection, and the organization maintains a potent existence in animation. Commonly, Warner Bros. has centered its DC animation on direct-to-property releases, but it can be now stepping up a degree with League of Super-Pets on its way to theaters in July.

DC’s League of Tremendous-Pets will star Dwayne Johnson as Krypto the Superdog, marking the actor’s DC debut ahead of his stay-action purpose in Black Adam. The Kryptonian canine will be joined by Ace the Bathound (Kevin Hart) and a league of other animal companions.


The animated blockbuster will also function appearances from an all-new Justice League, with voices from the likes of John Krasinski, Keanu Reeves, and additional legendary acting talent.

With the beforehand prepared Could launch now approaching, merchandise has started to surface, revealing spoilery plot information from the motion picture.

Warning – The relaxation of this article possibly contains spoilers for DC’s League of Tremendous-Pets.


DC Ebook Reveals Tremendous-Animals Spoilers

DC introduced a little one-helpful reserve adaptation of its upcoming League of Super-Pets animated movie which reveals spoiler-significant plot details for the Dwayne Johnson flick. 

DC League of Super-Pets Book

Instagram user silenzioalvaro shared pictures from across the reserve – which is readily available now on Amazon – revealing how the animated blockbuster should to enjoy out.

The 24-site ebook opens with Superman teaming up with his tremendous-run canine companion Krypto, his ideal good friend who he thinks may possibly need an additional animal buddy.


DC League of Super-Pets Book

On a trip to an animal shelter, Krypto is introduced to Chip, PB, Merton, Ace, and Lulu, most of whom will go on to form the Super-Pets. 

DC League of Super-Pets Book

Immediately after coming into get hold of with Orange Kryptonite, the animalistic group begins to create powers, with Lulu’s offering mind powers, sending her down a route toward world domination.

PB gains the ability to shrink and improve, Ace turns into tremendous-strong, Merton develops super-pace, and Chip receives lightning powers.


DC League of Super-Pets Book

Owning escaped from captivity, Lulu will in some way obtain Green Kryptonite and use it to de-ability Superman and Krypto, seemingly getting the Man of Steel captive.

As the Superdog turns to his new super-driven animal close friends for aid to rescue the DC legend, Lulu varieties his possess military of driven guinea pigs with the Orange Kryptonite.

With the overall Justice League held captive by Lulu and her team, the Super-Animals will endeavor to rescue the workforce, only to uncover by themselves imprisoned too.


The climax of the motion picture will arrive as the villainous guinea pig employs extra Orange Kryptonite to greatly enhance her powers, just as the outcomes of the Eco-friendly rock have on off on Krypto. Last but not least, back at entire ability, the Superdog will no cost his close friends to just take on Lulu’s army and appear out victorious.

PB will then totally free Speculate Woman, Krypto will reunite with Superman, and Ace will launch Batman, setting up the pairings between Super-Animals and Justice League members that are clear from costume similarities on the poster.

Will Tremendous-Animals Land with Audiences?

Prior to drawing any conclusions or viewpoints on DC’s League of Super-Pets based on this guide, it is really crucial to take note this adaptation is for audience aged 4 to seven. So, even though the animated flick does nevertheless glance to be oriented in the direction of young audiences, there may perhaps be more intricacies to the story than this indicates. 


This clarification continue to leaves quite a few questions unanswered relating to what is previously regarded about the motion picture, including how Lex Luthor fits into the puzzle, offered he will reportedly be the just one to capture the Justice League in the movie.

Over-all, although this spoiler-significant guide may possibly not be a body-for-frame adaptation of what League of Super-Pets will provide, it does reveal more than what some may well wish to know likely into the motion picture.

What accurately the future retains for the Super-Animals will rely tremendously on the box business and supporter reception to their debut. If it proves to be a strike, significantly with the younger target audience, a sequel will pretty much absolutely get the greenlight, possibly alongside with an HBO Max spin-off provided DC’s newfound commitment to streaming collection.


DC’s League of Super-Pets hits theaters on July 29.

Abide by DCU Direct

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Secrets of Playboy: Shannon Twins Say Sex With Hefner Was Like Rape

When a new trio of younger blonde bombshells replaced Women Up coming Door stars Holly Madison, Bridget Marquardt and Kendra Wilkinson as Hugh Hefner’s set of live-in girlfriends for the sixth and last time of the exhibit, it was simple for enthusiasts to write them off as a paltry substitute for the initial stars that built the E! truth sequence famed. It was also straightforward to dismiss some of the much more troubling elements of the new forged, like the fact that in addition to Crystal Harris, who replaced Madison as Hefner’s “number 1 girlfriend” and later on grew to become the Playboy founder’s 3rd and ultimate wife, Hefner also commenced a partnership with 18-year-outdated twin sisters, Kristina and Karissa Shannon.

By that time, Hefner’s way of living experienced come to be so normalized thanks to the toned-down, cable-Tv set-pleasant version that dominated truth Television set through the latter half of the aughts that few so substantially as blinked an eye at the thought of the octogenarian moving into an incestuous romance with two hardly authorized twin sisters. Also, at the time the public appeared to retain a typical state of disbelief about what was truly going on driving shut doors at the Playboy mansion in individuals days. Confident, Hefner would constantly retain a bevy of blonde beauties by his facet, but there was no way this eighty-one thing-yr-outdated man was essentially even now obtaining intercourse with girls 60-as well as years his junior, right? Potentially bolstered by Hefner’s grandfatherly portrayal on the light-weight-hearted actuality series, the general public additional or considerably less taken care of a perception that Hefner’s polyamorous “relationships” were being all for present at this point.

As we now know thanks to inform-all memoirs and community testimony from numerous ladies who ended up aspect of Hef’s internal circle towards the conclude of his daily life, sex with the growing older magazine publisher did in fact occur, and according to the Shannon twins, it was “like rape.”

Kristina and Karissa Shannon, who lived in the mansion as Hefner’s girlfriends for two decades starting in their late teenagers, are amid the a lot of women of all ages who opened up about the dim side of their encounters with Playboy and its founder in the A&E docuseries, Techniques of Playboy. In the episode that aired Monday evening, Karissa in comparison sexual intercourse with Hefner to assault.

“To me, it is like rape,” she stated. “He utilized control mechanisms totally via anything.” Karissa also opened up about possessing an abortion after turning out to be pregnant by Hefner when she was 19. “I felt disgusted with my system,” she claimed, introducing that she is “so happy” she made the final decision to terminate the being pregnant. “I felt like there was anything like an alien inside me. I was grossed out. I just required to get it about with.” The former Playboy design included that she by no means explained to Hefner about her pregnancy, fearing it would be a further way for him to training control over her. “I did not want him to want me to have it,” she claimed. “I didn’t want to be caught even more inside that bubble. I assume it’s a way for him to manage me even extra, have me on a leash.”

The sisters also exposed that they did have threesomes collectively with Hefner, something they claimed they experienced hardly ever carried out right before, and “would hardly ever want to.” The twins also claimed they have been plied with medication right before their first sexual experience with Hefner, leaving them “the most inebriated we’ve ever been.”

The twins’ tales share a range of similarities with experiences fellow previous girlfriends of Hefner’s have shared in recent several years. In Secrets and techniques of Playboy, Holly Madison recounted a quantity of claims initially manufactured in her 2015 memoir, Down the Rabbit Hole, alleging Hefner presented her medication he known as “thigh-openers” and was a controlling and abusive companion. Meanwhile, allegations of Hefner’s misconduct much pre-date Playboy’s buzzy reality Television period in the early aughts. Sondra Theodore, who dated Hefner in the late ’70s and early ’80s, also recalled becoming subjected to controlling and sexually intense conduct on the Playboy founder’s component.

“There was very little healthier about the sex with Hefner, due to the fact he took it as well much,” Theodore said in the series. “He was having the female upcoming doorway, and he was soiling her.”

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Persevere and Prevail: A Journey of Defiance and Overcoming Obstacles

Roundup is a widely-used weed killer that has been associated with a variety of health problems. If the use of Roundup has harmed you or someone you love, you may be eligible to join a Roundup lawsuit. A Roundup lawsuit can help you seek compensation for medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related damages. With experienced legal counsel, you can get the justice you deserve.

At Roundup Lawsuit Help, we are dedicated to providing experienced legal guidance to those whom Roundup has injured. Our professional team of attorneys can help you understand your rights and how to pursue a claim. We’ll work with you to ensure your case is handled correctly and you receive the compensation you deserve. We will also help you understand the legal process and what to expect from a Roundup lawsuit.

We understand the pain and suffering caused by Roundup, and we are here to provide the support and guidance you need. With our help, you can pursue the justice and compensation you deserve. Contact us today to learn how we can help you with your Roundup lawsuit.

What is a Roundup Lawsuit?

A Roundup lawsuit is a legal case against Monsanto, the famous weed killer Roundup manufacturer. These lawsuits allege that Roundup’s active ingredient, glyphosate, has caused severe health problems, including cancer, in people exposed to the chemical. Over 18,000 Roundup lawsuits have been filed in the U.S., and many more claimants have come forward alleging that their exposure to Roundup caused them to develop cancer.

What is Glyphosate?

Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup, which is believed to be responsible for the health problems associated with the weed killer. Glyphosate is a chemical herbicide and is used in hundreds of products around the world to control weeds. The World Health Organization has classified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic to humans”, and the state of California has listed glyphosate as a known carcinogen.

What Health Problems are Linked to Roundup?

Exposure to Roundup has been linked to several serious health problems, including cancer. The most common type of cancer associated with Roundup is non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system. Other health problems that are linked to Roundup include kidney and liver damage, reproductive issues, and congenital disabilities.

What Can I Do if I Believe Roundup Caused My Cancer?

If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with cancer after exposure to Roundup, you may be eligible to file a Roundup lawsuit. Speaking to an experienced attorney who can help you understand your legal rights and options is essential. An experienced attorney can help you navigate the complicated legal process and ensure you get the justice and compensation you deserve.

Tort Advisor is an excellent resource for those considering a Roundup lawsuit. We offer extensive resources and information to help you understand the legal implications of filing a Roundup lawsuit. In addition to providing detailed information on the Roundup litigation process, including potential legal strategies and potential damages, we also offer a Roundup claims calculator. This tool helps you determine the potential value of your claim based on various factors, such as the amount of Roundup exposure and the severity of your health issues. We can also connect you to experienced Roundup lawyers who can provide legal advice and representation. With TortAdvisor’s help, you can take the proper steps to pursue a Roundup lawsuit and get the compensation you deserve.

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Litigating at the Dubai Courts

The first factor to consider when a dispute arises is the correct forum in which to raise proceedings. The UAE has both onshore and offshore courts which operate differently and are governed by separate laws. 

Often, parties will have entered into a contractual relationship and the agreed terms shall be documented by a contract. The contract should clearly state what should happen in the event of a dispute.  

The governing law and jurisdiction of a contract will roadmap the route of the dispute. It is, therefore, important to carefully consider the governing law and jurisdiction, along with all other terms, before entering into any contractual relationship. 

The Civil Procedural Law and the Executive Regulations govern the procedure of actions raised at the UAE onshore courts. 

To raise an action at the Dubai courts, the claimant is required to prepare the claim and submit it to the Court of First Instance.  If the claimant is legally represented, a Power of Attorney will be required to confirm that the representative has been legally appointed.  

The claim and sum sued for will dictate the appropriate type of court and court circuit; minor or major.  The claimant will require to raise the court filing fee in order to raise the claim. The filing fee is calculated based upon a percentage of the sum sued for, which is capped depending on the claim value. 

The claim must be served upon the adverse party, the defendant, by personal service. If service is not possible by hand delivery then the Court of First Instance (CFI) may order service by alternative means. 

Once the claim has been served, the defendant is provided the opportunity to file the Power of Attorney (if legally represented) and a defence to the claim.  The defendant may also submit a counterclaim against the claimant, where applicable.  There is no set structure of the number of pleadings to be submitted.  The judge will direct parties until the case is adjourned for judgment. 

It is usual practice for an independent expert to be appointed by the court to assist in establishing the facts and gathering the salient documentation.  The content of the expert report assists the judge in the decision-making process.  Either party may also request for an expert to be appointed.  The claimant, or the requesting party, will usually bear the costs of any appointed expert. 

A CFI judgment can be issued any time up to 12 months after the claim has been raised.  It is not unusual for this to take longer, especially in instances where a case is complex in nature. 

Within 30 days of the judgment, a party may seek to appeal to the Court of Appeal.  The Court of Appeal can overturn the judgment if it deems that the CFI erred in fact or law. In order to submit an appeal, the party making the appeal must raise a court filing fee.  

A Court of Appeal judgment may be issued within six to nine months of raising the appeal. 

The final appeal layer is the Court of Cassation.  A party can seek to appeal the Court of Appeal judgment within 60 days of the judgment. The Court of Cassation can only overturn a Court of Appeal judgment if the appeal court erred in law.

A Court of Cassation judgment will be a final judgment and it can usually take between three to six months for a judgment to be issued.  Alternatively, a judgment will become final on the lapse of the appeal period.  

Once a judgment is final, it will be executed through the enforcement department of the Dubai court, provided the debtor(s) hold assets in Dubai and the debtor(s) fail to settle the dues voluntarily.  Therefore, it is important to consider at the outset whether the adverse party holds any assets and, if so, where these are located should enforcement be required. 

For further information in relation to raising a Dubai Court action, please contact Joanna Stewart ([email protected]). 

February 2022

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Co-workers of ‘catfishing’ cop took items from his property before official search

Co-workers of Austin Lee Edwards, the Virginia deputy who killed the grandparents and mother of a 15-year-old Riverside girl he “catfished” online, removed a sheriff’s truck and a black trash bag from Edwards’ property the night before it was officially searched, according to an eyewitness and a video reviewed by The Times.

Two deputies from the Washington County Sheriff’s Office, the law enforcement agency that employed Edwards immediately before his death, arrived at the white Cape Cod-style home with blacked-out windows late on Nov. 25, the day of the killings.

Riverside police, who are leading the homicide investigation, said they did not know about the Washington County Sheriff’s deputies’ actions.

“We are not aware of any action taken at his house prior to the Nov. 26 search warrant,” spokesperson Ryan Railsback said. “We are not aware of any additional searches.”

The Smyth County (Virginia) Sheriff’s Office executed the official search warrant on the house, according to Railsback.

It was not immediately clear whether the Washington County Sheriff’s Office had a warrant for Edwards’ property, but legal experts say there are few — if any — legitimate reasons for law enforcement officers from a different county to go onto a property before an official search.

“This is strange right off the bat because Washington County doesn’t have jurisdiction to do anything in Smyth County,” said Yancey Ellis, a partner in Carmichael, Ellis & Brock, a criminal defense firm in Alexandria, Va.

“If you want to do something in another county you should go to local law enforcement.”

Both the Washington County Sheriff’s Office — where Edwards, 28, started as a patrol deputy on Nov. 16 — and the Smyth County commonwealth’s attorney declined to comment for this story.

The eyewitness said the deputies arrived at Edwards’ Saltville, Va., home the evening of Nov. 25 — the day of the killings in Riverside — and although they didn’t see them go inside, they witnessed the deputies come from the back of the home with a trash bag before leaving with a vehicle taken from the property.

The 42-second video shows two people next to the house, one holding what appears to be a flashlight in one hand and a black trash bag in another. Both then walk away from the house.

The eyewitness said the two deputies drove off separately, one in a patrol car and the other in a Washington County Sheriff’s Office truck that had been parked in Edwards’ driveway for days.

A white house with dark windows.

The Virginia home of Austin Lee Edwards.

(Erin B. Logan / Los Angeles Times)

Two former law enforcement officers in Virginia, who are familiar with the matter and have reviewed the video, confirmed that they recognized both of the people in the video as deputies with the Washington County Sheriff’s Office.

The Times has granted the eyewitness and the former officers anonymity because they fear retaliation for speaking to the media.

There are exceptions that allow law enforcement to enter a property without a search warrant, Ellis said, such as exigent circumstances, in which someone inside a home is in danger or could destroy evidence, but none of those would apply because the Saltville property wasn’t in Washington County.

David Benowitz, a Washington, D.C., criminal lawyer, said law enforcement officers in Washington County would not be permitted to take anything from the property without Smyth County’s involvement — even if they didn’t go inside the home.

“There could have been a contractual agreement with the officer where [the Washington County Sheriff’s Office] can say, ‘If we fire you for cause, we can retrieve the car,’ but that would’ve been trumped since it’s a crime scene.”

Benowitz added that because Edwards is dead, there would not be any exigent circumstances for a search in this case.

“This smells pretty bad,” he said. “There are only a few reasons why that may happen, and none of them are good or legal.”

Riverside police have said that Edwards portrayed himself as a 17-year-old while communicating with the 15-year-old girl online. In November, he drove across the country to her Riverside home and killed three of her family members before setting fire to the home and leaving with the girl.

San Bernardino County officials initially said Edwards was killed in a shootout with police after deputies stopped his car. But the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department said last week that Edwards died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. The teenage girl was physically unharmed.

Edwards’ tenure as a police officer was brief. He entered the Virginia State Police Academy on July 6, 2021, and after he graduated on Jan. 21 of this year, he was assigned to Henrico County, in the Richmond division.

He resigned from the Virginia state police on Oct. 28. A Virginia state police spokesperson told The Times on Wednesday that “human error” in the agency’s background check process led to Edwards’ hiring.

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Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia ready to fully participate in the Schengen area

The European Commission has called upon the European Council to take the necessary decisions without any further delay to allow Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia to fully participate in the Schengen area. In a Communication adopted on November 16th, the Commission took stock of the three Member States’ strong record of achievements in the application of the Schengen rules.

The Commission said that “for years, these Member States have significantly contributed to the well-functioning of the Schengen area, including during the time of the pandemic and more recently when faced with the unprecedented consequences of the war in Ukraine.”

While the three countries are already bound in part by the Schengen rules, the internal border controls with these Member States have not been lifted and therefore they do not enjoy the full benefits that come with being part of the Schengen area without internal border controls.

“Becoming fully part of the Schengen area is a requirement for these Member States and they should therefore be permitted to do so given that they fulfil the conditions,” according to the EU’s communication.

Under the steer of the Czech Presidency, on 8 December the Justice and Home Affairs Council will vote on the full participation of Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia to the Schengen area without internal border controls.

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